Monthly Archives: March 2013

Bio Soil for Plants. Biofertilizers for Plants.

Bio Soil for Plants

Bio Soil refers to the idea that the soil is alive with biological activity, living soil. Bio soils are in fact biological organisms, like beneficial soil bacteria or beneficial soil Trichoderma.

Bacillus megaterium and B. subtilis are bacteria that are useful for plants. Bacteria for plants can be either beneficial for the plant or detrimental to the plant. In this post we’ll talk about beneficial bacteria for plants, specifically beneficial soil bacteria.

It is well known that beneficial plant bacteria play a critical role in supporting and increasing plant growth and plant health. Because of their ability to confer benefits to the plant, it is important that beneficial bacteria adequately colonize the plant’s environment, specifically the plant root system.

Sometimes called Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria, or PGPB, bacteria are a vital link in the food web for plants.

Bio Soil

Custom B5 Contains Bacillus megaterium

Here’s a brief introduction to two key beneficial plant bacteria, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium.

Bacillus subtilis

Bacillus subtilis, or B. sub, is a key beneficial plant bacteria. B. subtilis plays a role in replenishing soil nutrients through both the carbon cycle and the nitrogen cycle. To aid the carbon cycle B. subtilis degrades thatch, pectin, cellulose and other organic materials. B. subtilis forms biofilms which are dense populations of organisms. These biofilms provides the plants with preventive colonization, sometimes called competitive inhibition. While beyond the scope of this post, preventative colonization essentially prohibits other microorganisms from forming colonies around the plant roots.

Bacillus megaterium

Another key beneficial plant bacteria is Bacillus megaterium. In addition to some of the benefits conferred by B. subtilis, B. megaterium is known to be a phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB). PSBs have several important benefits:

  • They make phosphorus more available to the plant
  • Reduce the need for traditional fertilizer applications
  • Reduce Environmental problems downstream
  • Promote sustainable agriculture.

Beneficial Plant Bacteria – Bio Soil

The use of beneficial plant bacteria, like those above, has a very positive effect on plant growth, root mass, and crop yields. Specifically, beneficial plant bacteria produce plants with better growth response, biomass yield, and nutrient content when compared to plants without these important beneficial soil bacteria.

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of microbial products including products that contain beneficial plant bacteria and beneficial soil Trichoderma. Contact Custom at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

Bio Soil Enhancers refer to the idea of using biological products or biofertilizers to the soil. Creating a biologicals active soil.

 

 

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What Does it Mean – Living Soils?

Living Soils

What Does it Mean?

Living soils are simply the portion of the soil that is composed of living microorganisms. To have truly health soil the soil must contain a variety of microorganisms. So, healthy soils means far more  than just the absence of disease. Healthy soil means that soil contains all of the necessary microorganisms to create a balanced micro food web for the plants. While plants vary in their need for different microorganisms, the constant factor is the need for a vibrant mix of soil microbiology to have healthy, living soils.

There are three main types of soil microorganisms that we’ll discuss in this post; bacteria, fungi, protozoa.

 

Beneficial Soil Bacteria 

Bacteria are prokaryotic, single celled microorganisms. Bacteria, Living soilsthrough their ability to produce a wide variety of enzymes, are vital for recycling nutrients in the soil. Bacteria produce so many enzymes that they are sometimes thought of as enzyme factories. There are thousands of species of bacteria and they are among the oldest organisms on earth. Ecologically, many bacteria are classified as decomposers. That is organisms that “feed” on dead organisms and recycling their nutrients. Additionally, bacteria bind several compounds to the soil, including nitrogen,  so that they will not leach out of the soil. 

Beneficial Soil Fungi 

Fungi are a form of microorganism that create several benefits to living soils. Fungi tend to hold soil together and thus improve soil structure. Beneficial soil fungi consume some of the harder to digest materials such as the cellulose found in leaves and tree trunks. Fungi can have a symbiotic, mutually beneficial, relationship with plants. This mycorrhizal relationship allows some beneficial fungi to transfer vital nutrients directly to the plant roots. It is important to note that whole many soil fungi are beneficial, there are also disease causing, pathogenic, fungi as well.

Protozoa

Protozoa include a number of microorganisms many of which consume soil bacteria. As a part of the soil micro food web, protozoa consume bacteria releasing the excess nutrients in a soluble form. It is this soluble form of the nutrients that is utilized by the plant roots. All the organisms we’ve discussed, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, also help build micro air passages that allow air, water, and nutrients to move through the soil to the roots.

So living soils means having a healthy mix of beneficial soil microorganisms. Like most things, balance is the key.

Custom Biologicals is interested in helping you maintain your living soils. Custom GP and Custom B5 contain beneficial soil microorganisms intended to help your plants. Contact Custom for more information.

 

 

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Field Trial News – Alfalfa

Alfalfa Field Trial News

Field Trial News – Alfalfa

 

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a flowering plant in the pea family and cultivated as an important forage crop. In the United Kingdom it is known as Lucerne and Lucerne grass in south Asia. In the United States its known as alfalfa.

Alfalfa with Custom GP & Custom B5

Alfalfa has shown significant benefits from treatment with Custom GP Trichoderma Blend & Custom B5 Bacillus Blend Soil Amendments. Custom GP and Custom B5 contain specifically selected beneficial microorganisms (bacteria and fungi). These beneficial soil microorganisms have been selected because of their safety and their ability to create a more fertile soil by restoring natural microbial populations. The use of B5 and GP will increase  nutrient availability, enhance root development, and promote vigorous plant growth.

Major Benefits to Alfalfa

  • Increased Protein Content
  • Increased Sugar Content
  • Increased Root Mass
  • Stronger Plant
  • Greater Yield

Alfalfa Field Trial

Crop: Alfalfa

Treatment: Custom GP Trichoderma
Custom B5 Bacillus

Location: Wyoming

Year: 2007

Farm Size: 40,000 Acres
(16,000 Hectares)

Trial Size: 10 Acres (4 Hectares)

Major Benefits:

Control
Treated
Increase
Protein Content
15%
19%
21%
Sugar Content
0.5%
0.75%
50%
Cuttings
2
3
1

Field Trial Results

Conclusion: The use of Custom GP and Custom B5 was of great benefit to the alfalfa in this alfalfa field trial. There was an increase in both protein and sugar content of the alfalfa. Additionally, there was one more cutting of the alfalfa.

Custom B5 and Custom GP are manufactured and distributed by Custom Biologicals. Custom can be reached at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of microbial products for use in environmental and agricultural applications. Customized formulations and dealer/distributor inquires are welcome.

Contact Custom Biologicals for more information about this alfalfa field trial news or about more information on how Custom B5 and Custom GP can help your crops.

CustomBio can be reached at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@CustomBio.biz

 

 

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Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Custom GP

The Use of Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Trichoderma are a widely present, naturally occurring, beneficial soil fungi. The use of Trichoderma for plants growth is a natural process that has developed over thousands of years. In fact, Trichoderma are one of the most common microorganisms found in nature. Trichoderma are early colonizers of plant root systems and are well known to directly promote plant growth. They do this by increasing the beneficial microbial activity in the rhizosphere. The rhizosphere is the zone of stimulated microbial activity around the plants roots.

BUY TRICHODERMA HERE

Trichoderma for plants

Custom GP contains Trichoderma for plants.

There are a number of Trichoderma species that are currently used in biofertilizer programs. Biofertilizers are the addition of specific microorganisms, generally bacteria or fungi, to the soil  to increase the activity of the beneficial microorganisms. In the case of Trichoderma, biofertilizers are used to add beneficial soil fungi to increase root mass and plant health for a season long effect. In published university studies, roots colonized by Trichoderma have been shown to increase corn root and shoot growth by 66%.

Growth Stimulation by Trichoderma

Growth stimulation by Trichoderma is very complex and is effected by a wide variety of interactions with several biochemicals. The use of Trichoderma for plants growth is known to:

  • Help processing essential organic and inorganic nutrients for the plant including; phosphorus, nitrogen, copper, calcium, molybdenum, zinc, magnesium, iron. This processing allows the plant roots to absorb the nutrients and allows the nutrients to be mobile within the plant. 
  • Help balance water absorption
  • Breakdown and transfer organic nutrients that are left over after harvest.
  • Causes competition with plant pathogens for water and nutrients
  • Bioremediate toxic organic chemicals such as fungicides, hydrocarbons, and pesticides.
  • Trichoderma are very efficient in the production of the enzyme cellulase. Cellulase is an enzyme  that is known to degrade chitin and hemicellulose.

Custom GP Contains Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Custom GP, by Custom Biologicals, contains 4 species of Trichoderma fungi. These fungi have been specifically selected because of ability to enhance soil productivity.

Custom GP is a Trichoderma soil amendment that contains:

Custom GP is a highly concentrated soil amendment containing Trichoderma species for Plants Growth. For more information, Contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

 

 

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Bacteria as a Soil Treatment

biological soil admendment

Bacteria as a Soil Treatment

Soil treatments have been in the news lately. There have been a large amount of studies that focus on the benefits of using individual bacteria, generally of the genus Bacillus, to increase soil productivity for a wide variety of crops.

Bacillus as a Soil Treatment

A number of Bacillus species are naturally present at low levels in most cultivated soils. However, soils treated with insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fertilizers over a number of years have been shown to have a greatly reduced natural

Bacteria as a Soil Treatment

Custom B5 Soil productivity product

population of beneficial soil bacteria. It is known that the harsh chemical treatments kill the bad microorganisms, both bacteria and fungi. Unfortunately, it is now known that these same chemicals are killing off the beneficial bacteria and other beneficial microorganisms as well. Soils that have a depleted level of beneficial microorganisms, usually produce small plants, resulting in smaller crop yield and these plants tend to have more problems with plant disease.

Custom B5

Fortunately, these lost microorganisms can be replaced with Custom B5, a soil productivity product by Custom Biologicals. Custom B5 contains a blend of five specifically selected, all natural bacteria strains of the genus Bacillus. These bacteria have been selected because of their safety and because of their ability to improve soil conditions for plant growth.

Custom B5 contains the following bacteria:

  • Bacillus subtilis including B sub GB03
  • Bacillus laterosporus
  • Bacillus licheniformus
  • Bacillus megaterium
  • Bacillus pumilus 

Benefits of Bacteria as a Soil Treatment

The addition of Custom B5 to soils immediately increases the microorganism population to that of fertile soils. A great benefit  found in soils treated with B5 is a increase in the rate of crop residue decomposition. This is due to the heightened production of enzymes that degrade these crop residues. Enzymes produced degrade compounds such as; cellulose, hemicellulose, chitin, and fungicides.

There are many great benefits of using the beneficial bacteria in Custom B5 and these benefits directly and indirectly effect plant growth. Plants taken from bioaugmented soils are larger, have denser greener leaves, and have a greater root mass. Some of the important growth stimulating factors produced by these beneficial bacteria are:

  • The supply the plant with nitrogen that can be used biologically. In other words, nitrogen that is more readily available to the plants.
  • Beneficial bacteria produce phytohormones (plant growth regulators) including cytokinin, ethylene, gibberellin, auxins, and abscisic acid.
  • Improved processing of inorganic and organic nutrients like:
    • Nitrogen
    • Phosphorus
    • Calcium
    • Copper
    • molybdenum
    • Magnesium
    • Zinc
    • Iron

Microbial products have a number of different names; biofertilizers, soil amendments, soil probiotics.

Custom B5 is unique in the marketplace because it contains five beneficial bacteria in one soil productivity product.

Custom Biologicals is can be contacted at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz. Distributor and dealer inquires are always welcome.

B. sub bacteria

Bacillus subtilis

B sub GB03