Monthly Archives: April 2016

Microbe Plant Interactions

Microbe Plant Interactions

Microbe plant interactions are an ongoing, every changing encounter. This is a microscopic, symbiotic relationship unseen by the naked eye.

Here’s a great quote from Nature the international weekly journal of science.


Plant—microbe encounters can be friendly or hostile. Densely colonized soil contains beneficial mycorrhizal fungi and rhizobia, which associate with roots and provide plants with mineral nutrients and fixed nitrogen, respectively, in exchange for carbon.

For this post, we’ll only talk about the friendly interactions between microbes and plants. We’ll also include bacteria and the microscopic fungi, Trichoderma, into the discussion.

Types of Microbe Plant InteractionsMicrobe Plant Interactions

There are too many types on microbe plant friendly interactions to completely discuss here, but we’ll talk about a few of the main ones.

  • Carbon root exudate by plants
  • Nitrogen fixation by bacteria
  • Phosphate solubilization by bacteria and fungi
  • Auxin and other growth hormone production by bacteria and fungi

Plant exudate, or excrete, carbon compounds into  the soil. These compounds serve to attract a variety of microorganisms. The microorganisms need the carbon for cellular components and to reproduce.

Nitrogen Fixation

Nitrogen is needed by plants for both protein synthesis and for DNA and RNA synthesis. Atmospheric nitrogen is very abundant. The problem is that atmospheric nitrogen is not available to plants. Many bacteria, including Paenibacillus, are capable of taking atmospheric Nitrogen and incorporating the Nitrogen into their cell. This process is called Nitrogen fixation. By use of this process, atmospheric nitrogen, otherwise unavailable to the plant, is now available. Nitrogen fixing bacteria are an integral part of the Nitrogen cycle.

Phosphate Solubilization

Phosphate  is required by plant cells for both DNA synthesis and energy transport. The important chemicals ATP and ADP both require phosphate. Both bacteria and Trichoderma solubilize phosphate and make it available to the plant. The phosphate cycle, while not as well know as the nitrogen or carbon cycles, is vital to the plants survival.

Auxin Production

Auxins are growth hormones that stimulate plant growth, particularly root growth. More auxins cause plants to have healthier, better developed root systems. Better root systems, of course, means a healthier, more productive plant. Several bacterial species and Trichoderma fungi produce auxins and a myriad of other plant growth hormones.

Microbe plant interactions are diverse and complex. It is safe to say, that without beneficial soil microbes, plants would have difficulty growing to their full potential.

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of beneficial soil microbial products. Contact Custom for more information about how to put these powerful products to work for you.



Corn Biofertilizer

Corn Biofertilizer

The use of corn biofertilizer has increased in recent years, along with the increased use of biofertilizers in general.


Here’s  the definition of biofertilizer from Wikipedia.

A Bio fertilizer (also bio-fertilizer) is a substance which contains living microorganisms which, when applied to seeds, plant surfaces, or soil, colonizes the rhizosphere or the interior of the plant and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients to the host plant.

For corn biofertilizers the major benefits to the plant are:

Corn Biofertilizer

Bigger Roots with Corn Biofertilizers

  • Larger, more developed roots and root system. (see picture)
  • Reduced Stress from High Moisture
  • Overall Healthier Plant
  • Increased Corn Yield
  • Less traditional fertilizer (N.P.K) used.
  • Better nutrient uptake.

Corn biofertilizers may be applied as a seed treatment or in furrow after planting. Both methods have shown favorable results.

Corn Biofertilizer Products

Biota Max™ by Custom Biologicals is a corn biofertilizer. Biota Max™ is a corn biofertilizer containing both beneficial bacteria and beneficial Trichoderma. Biota Max is a unique, effervescent tablet. Each tablet contains billions of microorganisms and treats 1/4 acre. Biota Max is equally useful in backyard gardens, greenhouses and for commercial farms.

Field Trial

Home Gardening

Biota Max

During a recent field trial using Biota Max as a corn biofertilizer, the results were:

  • Trial Size – 10 acres
  • Untreated – 140 bushels/acre. 8.9 tons/hectare
  • Treated 159 bushels/acre. 10.1 tons/hectare
  • Increase of 19 bushels/acre or 1.2 tons.hectare

As you can see there was a substantial increase in corn production using the biofertilizer Biota Max™.

Available Crops for Biofertilizers

Most crops can use biofertilizers for bigger, stronger roots and better nutrient uptake. Including:

  • Squash
  • Peppers
  • Tomatoes
  • Oranges
  • Rice
  • Soy beans
  • Lettuce
  • Carrot
  • Radish
  • Palm

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of biological products including biofertilizers. Dealer and distributor inquires, both domestic and international, are always welcome. Custom can be reached at (561) 797-3008 or via email at

Vegetable Gardening with Biota Max

Vegetable Gardening with Biota Max


Grow Bigger, Healthier Plants

Vegetable Gardening is fun and relaxing. Everyone loves a home garden. Not only is gardening relaxing and fun, but you can produce great, healthy foods by gardening at home. Now, your home garden can use a tool professional farmers use – Biota Max™.

Gardening with BIota Max

Bigger, Healthier Roots with Biota Max

Biota Max™

Biota Max™ is a unique biofertilizer that will help you grow bigger, healthier plants in your

home garden. If you want to have the juiciest tomatoes or the biggest pumpkins, you need a professional gardening tool – and Biota Max is the biofertilizer for you!



How Does Biota Max Work?

Biota Max is a unique, effervescent tablet that contains beneficial soil microbes, both bacteria and fungi. . Each Biota Max tablet contains billions of  beneficial soil microorganisms that’s enough biofertilizer to treat 1/4 acre (1/10 hectare).

Vegetable Gardening with BIota Max

Grow Bigger, Better Plants with Biota Max

The beneficial soil microorganisms in Biota Max help the plant in a number if ways:

  • Produces plant hormones – helps plants grow bigger
  • Degrades organic material – making nutrients available to the plant
  • Increases root mass – bigger roots means healthier plants
  • Reduces root oxidation – makes old roots fresh
  • Restores Biota Balance
  • Takes advantage of microbe plant interactions
  • Grow Bigger, Better Plants and Vegetables

Which Crops can Benefit from Biota Max?

Almost any crop or flowering plant in your home garden can benefit from Biota Max™.

  • Tomatoes
  • Corn
  • Squash
  • Pumpkin
  • Palm
  • Lettuce
  • Carrot
  • Rice
  • Soy Beans
  • Peppers
  • Green Beans
  • Roses
  • Turf Grass

How do you use Biota Max

The best part of Biota Max™ is how easy it is to use! Biota Max™ is a small, effervescent

Biota Max dissolving in water

Biota Max dissolving in water

tablet. Simply remove the tablet from the foil, add at least a quart of water, and spray onto the soil in your garden. That’s it!


For Bigger, Healthier Plants!

Biota Max™ is manufactured and distributed by Custom Biologicals, Inc. Custom biologicals manufactures a wide variety of biological products for agricultural uses including biofertilizers, soil probiotics, and more. Here’s a list of our products.

Trichoderma Biofertilizer

Trichoderma Biofertilizer

Commercial Trichoderma biofertilizers are becoming more common and more misunderstood. In this post, I’ll discuss the use of beneficial Trichoderma fungi as a biofertilizer.


Trichoderma are a microscopic fungi that are naturally present in most soils. To insure high populations of Trichoderma or to replenish populations lost to over farming, Trichodema can be added to soils by the use of Trichoderma biofertilizers. These fertilizers have a number of important benefits to the plant:

  • Reduces the use of traditional fertilizers (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium). Reduces the pollution from overuse of NPK.
  • Improves plant growth, crop yield, and nutritional quality.
  • Form a symbiotic relationship with plant roots increasing tolerance to plant stress such as drought.
  • Production and release of beneficial plant growth hormones.
  • Takes advantage of microbe plant interactions.

Trichoderma Biofertilizer

Trichoderma biofertilizers have been used successfully with a number of crops including tomatoes, corn, rice, sorghum, soybeans and peppers.

Custom Biologicals manufactures and distributes three products that contain Trichoderma Trichoderma Biofertilizerfungi; Custom GP, Biota Max™ and Custom GP Fizzytabs.

All three products are Trichoderma biofertilizers and contain 4 species of beneficial Trichoderma fungi. They include:

  1. Trichoderma harzianium
  2. Trichoderma viride
  3. Trichoderma koningii
  4. Trichoderma polysporum

All three products are designed as soil conditioners. That is they are to help improve soil conditions by increasing the populations of beneficial soil microorganisms.

Custom GP is a liquid concentrate and contains 4 species of beneficial fungi. Custom GP is also available as a fizzytab.

Biota Max™ contains both beneficial Trichoderma and beneficial soil bacteria. As a combination product, Biota Max™ is unique to the biofertilizer industry. Each tablet treats 1/4 acre or 1/10 hectare. Biota Max™ is equally useful in the home garden and the commercial farm. Great as a seed treatment too!

More information about Trichoderma biofertilizers can be obtained by contacting Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at

We’re always looking for new distributors, both domestic and international. Here’s a link to our distributor information.

4 Major Benefits of Composting

Benefits of composting

4 Major Benefits of Composting

Composting has many advantages besides just being a great way to minimize household waste. It can truly contribute to your garden becoming healthier and richer, control your water and rubbish collection bills and contribute to preserving nature’s resources. More information about the most significant benefits of composting is provided below:

1. Saves you money by reducing your rubbish billsBenefits of composting

Waste control means also balancing bills. Making compost from your organic rubbish instead of throwing it in the bin in front of your house can really cut your waste removal expenses. To make sure that you are allowed to create compost in your home, it would be a good idea to check with the regulations and laws of your residential area. If you are running to the garbage lot after every garden clearance to dispose of all the garden waste collected, using compost instead will be financially beneficial, as it will cut the rubbish removal costs.

2. Decreases water consumption

Applying compost to your garden beds will help them retain moisture which will decrease their need of watering. The compost will prevent the soil from drying out for a longer period and thus your water bills will become lower too. Of course, you cannot rely solely on the compost to provide all the moisture needed for your plants, but your water savings will be considerable. This leads us to the next point. Plus, the miniature critters which live in the compost dissolve green waste, manure and other agents which are possible to pollute water if they transfuse into a water source.

3. Composting preserves natural resources

Not only water savings, but the conservation of many other natural resources can be improved by composting. The less rubbish goes to landfills, the cleaner air will all living creatures breathe. Environmental pollution is an extremely serious issue nowadays and every single step towards recycling, reusing and conservation of energy and other resources is a step towards preserving our planet. If you show and teach your kids how to make compost for your family’s garden, you will also introduce them to a truly eco-friendly activity which can be very educational. Furthermore, your garden’s productivity will increase considerably due to the improved soil quality. You will not need to buy nutritive chemicals and your produce will be organic and free of the toxins in the synthetic fertilizers that inevitably build up in the ground.

4. Prevents most plant diseasesBenefits of composting

Gardening professionals say that almost all of the gardens treated with compost suffer from significantly fewer diseases and pest issues. The plants grow stronger due to the combination of the natural elements N-nitrogen, P-phosphorous and K-potassium that the compost provides. This makes insects and disease control much easier and prevents them from spreading, thus overrunning the soil and the greenery in your garden. Applying a layer of compost is also a great way to neutralize the soil’s pH and thus improve your garden’s ability to fight invaders and diseases. Compost is not only an excellent eco-friendly pesticide, but also costs much less than the commercial ones.

There are many proofs of both long-term and instant benefits of making and using compost. So in case you haven’t started composting on your own yet, do not hesitate to try this method by choosing a composting system which will be suitable for you. Select the materials for your compost depending on your garden’s problems and needs and enjoy the healthy products from this eco- and budget-friendly activity.

Biofertilizer Press Release

Biofertilizer Press Release

Custom Biologicals is proud to announce that two of our biofertilizers, Agriwonder and Solum Natural – Green Tabs, will be available in Europe (EU countries) beginning in July of this year.  We are currently looking for European Distributors for these products. Both of these products have European Union registrations.

Agriwonder, similar to Biota Max™, is a unique effervescent tablet containing billions of beneficial microorganisms. Each tablet treats 1Ž/4 acre (1/10 hectare). Agriwonder is a biofertilizer that contains beneficial bacteria, beneficial soil fungi (Trichoderma), and Mycorrhizae. Agriwonder is ideal for backyard gardens and commercial farms.

Solum Natural – Green Tab is a probiotic designed specifically for golf courses and sports fields. Regular use of Solum Natural – Green Tab will reduce the usage of traditional fertilizers like Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. (N, P, K). Since overuse of traditional fertilizers is a growing problem, Solum Natural is great for golf courses looking to create a sustainable course.

Additionally, both products have received organic registration for the European Union.

European Union distributors for both of these products are wanted. Interested companies should contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at

Biofertilizers contain beneficial soil microorganisms and can significantly reduce the amount of traditional fertilizer needed. Additionally, biofertilizers help plants grow stronger healthier root systems. Biofertilizers contain living, microorganisms. These organisms reproduce and multiply in the root zone of the plant. Regular use of biofertilizers will help grow healthier roots, healthier plants, and produce better fruits and vegetables.

Biofertilizer press releaseCustom Biologicals manufactures a wide range of biological products for use in environmental and agricultural applications. We’re  always looking for new international distributors.

If either of these products are of interest to you, please contact me at (561) 797-3008 or via email at for additional information.

Additional Biofertilizer Press release will be made available periodically.