Tag Archives: beneficial bacteria

PGPB – Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria

PGPB

Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria, or PGPB, are a major factor in determining plant health, plant productivity and overall soil fertility.

What are PGPB?

Plant growth promoting bacteria, present in the rhizosphere, are beneficial soil bacteria that enhance plant growth and reduce the abiotic stresses through a variety of mechanisms.

Since these beneficial bacteria are found in the rhizosphere, you will sometimes see the term PGPR, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, used.

Several plant microbe interactions are generally classified as PGPB including:PGPB Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria

  • Phosphate solubilization
  • Biological nitrogen fixation
  • The production of phytohormones
  • ACC deaminase activity
  • The production of siderophores

Benefits of PGPB’s

There are several specific benefits to  the plant of plant growth promoting bacteria, including; increased agronomic activity, reduced overall production costs, and reduced environmental pollution.

Increased agronomic activity is the goal of every farmer, both commercial and home gardener. The use of PGBR increases root size and root strength in plants. In turn, these healthier roots help produce stronger, more productive plants.

The reduction in environmental pollution is achieved because less traditional fertilizers (N,P,K) are generally needed when sufficient amounts of plant growth promoting bacteria are added. This means that the fertilizers are used more efficiently. This efficient usage reduces costs and fertilizer runoff issues. Less use of N,P,K, means less fertilizers wash away. Since fertilizer runoff is a major environmental issue, use of PGPB reduces this problem.

For beneficial bacteria to be effective, several factors must be considered:

  • Overall soil condition, including soil pH, water, minerals, soil porosity
  • Extent of bacterial colonization of the root zone
  • Amount and types of plant exudates

The Future of Beneficial Microbes

Plant growth promoting bacteria have only recently become of interest to scientists and farmers. Over the next decade, I fully expect much more research will be done in this promising area.It is worth noting that by 2019, the agricultural microbials market is expected to reach 2.45 Billion USD.

Commercial Products

Custom Biological manufactures both Custom B5 and Custom N2. Both if these products are PGPB’s. Additionally, Biota Max™ contains both plant growth promoting bacteria and plant growth promoting fungi.

Custom Biologicals has been producing beneficial microorganisms for over 25 years. Distributor inquiries are always welcome. Contact CustomBio at (561)797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

Probiotics and Rice

Probiotics and Rice

Field Trials

 

Probiotics and Rice field trial information. The soil probiotic used in the field trial is Biota Max™. Soil probiotics are sometimes called biofertilizers or biological soil amendments.

Biota Max

Biota Max™ is a soil probiotic containing beneficial soil microbes, both beneficial soil bacteria and beneficial soil fungi. Biota Max™ is a unique, effervescent tablet  that dissolves easily and quickly in water. Once dissolved, each Biota Max tablet will treat 1/4 acre (or 1/10 hectare) with billions of beneficial microorganisms.

Soil Probiotics and Plant Roots

These beneficial soil microorganisms help the plant grow larger, healthier root systems.These larger, healthier roots help grow bigger and more productive rice plants. Healthier roots help plants take in and process more nutrients and take up more water. A more efficient uptake of fertilizers and water means less waste and less runoff. Typically, using Biota Max™ also reduces  the amount of Nitrogen needed.

I’ve attached the soil probiotics and rice field trials below. A couple of interesting things to note.

  • The roots in the untreated versus treated with Biota Max™ – great pictures of bigger, healthier roots.
  • The yield increases in the treated versus untreated. In fact, the rice yield increased 11.3%, 16.6%, or 26.8% depending on the treatment method.
  • The overall health and look of the plants.

Custom Biologicals

Custom Biologicals  manufactures a number of probiotics, biofertilizers, and soil and seed inoculants for agriculture. Here’s a list of our biological fertilizers. Here…

We’re always looking for new distributors, both international and domestic. Private labeling and custom formulations are available. We specialize in producing high quality, highly concentrated biological products.

Additional case study are available. Also we have information on the overall effectiveness of biofertilizers and soil probiotics.

Custom can be reached at Bill@Custombio.biz or by phone at (561) 797-3008.

probiotics and rice

Biota Max and Rice Field Trial

probiotics and rice part 2

 

The Agricultural Microbials Market is Exploding

Concentrated Biological Products

The Agricultural Microbials Market is Exploding

To many people, the agricultural microbials market is a new, untested market. This is simply untrue. In fact, the agricultural microbials market is exploding. Companies that are in the agricultural market would be wise to enter this growth market.

According to a published report¹, the agricultural microbials market is expected to be 4.45 BILLION dollars by 2019. This includes bacteria, fungi, virus and protozoa. Not surprisingly, the North America has the biggest market share, followed by Europe.

The agricultural microbials market includes microbes that are used for crop growth, yield enhancement, and biopesticides.

Fruits and vegetables are the largest users of beneficial microorganisms. As we’ve noted many times on this blog, beneficial microbes are a tremendous growth industry. And the time is now – not twenty years from now.

Farmers and growers  that use beneficial microbes are noticing increased yields, greater soil vigor and health, and our able to use less traditional fertilizers.

Custom Biologicals manufactures beneficial microbes, both bacteria and fungi, for use in agriculture. Our products include:

  • Custom GP – This biological soil amendment contains 4 Trichoderma species and is OMRI registered.
  • Custom B5 – Is a biological soil amendment that contains 5 species of Bacillus.
  • Biota Max – This is a unique, effervescent tablet containing beneficial bacteria, beneficial Trichoderma, and a nitrogen fixing bacteria.

All of our products can be private labeled and we have the technology to customize a product for your individual needs.

If your company is interested in entering the agricultural microbials market, contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

 

Cited Report

1 – The report, “Agricultural Microbials Market by Type (bacteria, fungi, virus, and protozoa), Crop Type (Cereals & grains, oilseeds, & pulses, fruit & vegetable) & Region – Global Trends & Forecast to 2019”, defines and segments the agricultural microbials market with analyses and projections of the size of the market. It also identifies the driving and restraining factors of the market with analyses of trends, opportunities, burning issues, and challenges.

Speak to Analyst for more info: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/speaktoanalyst.asp?id=15455593

Benefits of Biofertilizers

Benefits of Bioferilizers

 

Benefits of Biofertilizers

There are many benefits of biofertilizers. Biofertilizers contain living microorganisms. In this post we’ll talk about three benefits of biofertilizers;

  1. helping make plant nutrients more available to the plants,
  2. the production of plant hormones,
  3. biofertilizers are cost effective when compared to traditional fertilizers
  4. Reduce the need for traditional fertilizers

Biofertilizers Make Nutrients Available to Plants

Biofertilizers contain living microbes, generally bacteria and/or fungi. These microorganisms Benefits of Biofertilizersadd nutrients to the soil by nitrogen fixation and by solubilizing both phosphorus and sulphur. Nitrogen fixation can be achieved by a variety of microorganism including, Azotobacter and Rhizobium. Paenibacillus polymyxa is a bacteria that fixes nitrogen. Nitrogen fixation is a key component of the nitrogen cycle.

Additionally, biofertilizers solubilize both phosphorus and sulphur. Phosphorous solubilization is performed by  Bacillus subtilis, and Bacillus megaterium. Sulphur is solubilized by bacteria of the genus Thiobacillus.

Biofertilizers Produce Plant Hormones

Plant hormones, also called phtyohormones regulate plant growth. An increase in plant hormones generally has a positive effect on root size and root structure. Bigger, stronger roots make for a healthier plant. Both bacteria and fungi produce phtyhormones. Among the bacteria, Bacillus subtilis manufactures a number of plant hormones as does Bacillus licheniformus and Bacilllus megaterium. Several species of Trichoderma produce phytohormones including, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride and Trichoderma polysporum.

Biofertilizers are Cost Effective

Generally speaking, biofertilizers will reduce the amount of traditional fertilizers needed by growers. As the price of fertilizers continues to skyrocket, controlling costs is a major issue for most growers. Since biofertilizers help make traditional fertilizers more effective, growers can reduce the amount of NPK used. One of the major benefits of biofertilizers is the reduced cost and the reduction in the use of other chemicals.

Overall, the use of biofertilizers worldwide continues to grow. As more and more growers realize the benefits of biofertilizers, the market for microorganisms in farming will continue to expand.

Custom Biological manufactures a number of biofertilizers, soil probiotics, and soil amendments for use in agriculture. Contact Custom via email at Bill@Custombio.biz or at (561) 797-3008 for additional information.

 

Soil Probiotics of Custom Biologicals

Soil Probiotics of Custom Biologicals

Custom Biologicals manufactures soil probiotics containing beneficial soil bacteria, beneficial soil fungi, and

Soil Probiotics

Custom Biologicals – Biological Products for Agriculture

products that contain both bacteria and fungi.

Soil Probiotics

Soil probiotics help plants grow healthier root systems by improving the condition of the soil. Soil microbes are known to produce number of beneficial compounds that help stimulate root growth and root size. Soil microorganism also improve nutrient uptake of important plant nutrients such as Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus.

Here’s the list of soil probiotics manufactured by Custom Biologicals.

Bacteria Based Probiotics

Custom B5 – contains 5 species of beneficial soil bacteria. Custom B5 is available as both a liquid concentrate and as a fast dissolving tablet.

Custom B5 Liquid Concentrate is ideal for commercial farms. Standard packaging is 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and 50 Acres (20 Hectares).

Custom B5 Fizztabs – This revolutionary product is ideal for smaller farms or backyard gardens. Each dissolvable tablet will cover ¼ acres (1/10 hectare) with beneficial soil bacteria.

Trichoderma Based Probiotics

Custom GP – contains 4 species of beneficial soil fungi of the species Trichoderma. Custom GP is OMRI listed.  Standard packaging is 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and 50 Acres (20 Hectares).

Combined Bacteria and Trichoderma Probiotics

Biota Green – contains both beneficial bacteria and beneficial fungi. Biota Green is intended for use of golf course, particularly golf course greens.

Biota Max – contains 6 species of beneficial bacteria and 4 species of beneficial soil fungi. Biota Max is a revolutionary, fast dissolving tablet. Each tablet covers ¼ acre with soil probiotics.

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of biofertilizers for use in agriculture and gardening.

Distributor inquires both domestic and international are always welcome. Private labeling and customized formulations are available. CustomBio can be reached at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

Specific Plant Benefits Provided by Beneficial Soil Bacteria

 Beneficial Soil Bacteria

Beneficial soil bacteria cause a number of specific plant benefits. These benefits include; larger, healthier roots, nutrient processing, and secretion of plant growth regulating substances. This post will discuss each of these plant benefits in more detail.

Beneficial Soil Bacteria Help grow Larger, Healthier Roots

There are a number of bacteria that help promote plant growth and they are sometimes beneficial soil bacteriacalled Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGBR). PGBR are defined as rhizospere inhabiting bacteria that have a positive effect on plant growth and plant health. There are several genera that are considered PGPR including, Bacillus, Azospirillum, and Pseudomonas.

Beneficial soil bacteria, such as Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium, produce a class of chemicals called cytokinins. These cytokinins impact roots by overproduction of root hairs and and lateral roots. This, in turn, provides the plant with an increased ability to take up water and nutrients. So, as expected, a larger healthier root system provides for a healthier plant.

Enhanced Nutrient Processing

Bacteria process a wide variety of chemicals. Often times taking in inorganic compounds and metabolizing them into organic compounds. The bacteria need phosphate for DNA and RNA synthesis and for production of ATP. The benefit to the plant of this processing is the conversion of the phosphate from an insoluble form to a soluble one. Since insoluble phosphate is inaccessible to the plant, this processing by bacteria is invaluable to the plant.

Bacteria Produce and Secrete plant Growth Regulating Compounds

Along with the cytokinins, mentioned earlier, bacteria produce a number of beneficial growth compounds  that convey a plant benefit. These include plant hormones (sometimes called phytohormones) and  auxins. Together phytohormones, cytokinins, and auxins regulate plant growth, root size, and fruit formation. Ultimately, its the beneficial bacteria that either produce these compounds or induce the plant to produce these compounds.

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of biological products for use in environmental applications. Our agricultural products include Custom B5, a blend of 5 beneficial soil bacteria that convey the specific plant benefits mentioned above. Contact Custom for more information. 

Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria

Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria

 

Great review article about plant growth promoting bacteria. The link, citation, and author are below. The author believes, as I do, that in the not to distant future, plant growth promoting bacteria, PGPB, will begin to replace chemicals used in agriculture, horticulture,

plant growth promoting bacteria

Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria

environmental cleanup strategies, and even in home gardening. This change will not be a one size fits all solution, and no doubt some new technologies and application strategies will need to be employed.

Some of the key points:

  • In healthy soils, there are 108 to 10bacteria per gram but in stressed soils this number greatly decreases to as low as 104 bacteria per gram.
  • A number of different bacterial species are currently used in agriculture; however plant growth promoting bacteria are only used on a small fraction of available crops.
  • Bacteria are used for:
    • Nitrogen fixation
    • Phosphate Solubilization
    • Sequestering Iron
    • Producing Phytohormones
    • Producing Gibberellins,  Cytokinins,  Indoleacetic Acid, and Etylene
  • Bacteria affect plants in indirect ways like through competitive exclusion, and modulating the effects of stress.

The conclusion of the article is that the use of bacteria in agriculture has come of age. Taking advantage of microbe-plant interactions will be the future of agriculture. Additional studies will be needed, however, the commercial use of plant growth promoting bacteria will be more prevalent in the coming years.

 

 

Scientifica
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 963401, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.6064/2012/963401
Review Article

Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria: Mechanisms and Applications

Bernard R. Glick

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/scientifica/2012/963401/

 

Custom Biologicals, Inc.  manufactures a number of microbial products with plant growth promoting bacteria (PBPG). These biofertilizers contain both beneficial soil bacteria and beneficial Trichoderma fungi. Distributor inquires, both domestic and international are always welcome. Private formulations and protected areas are available. Contact Custom at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

Fungi Reduce Need for Fertilizer in Agriculture

Fungi in Agriculture

This is a great article about using beneficial soil fungi to reduce fertilizer in agriculture.

Although from 2011, the idea to reduce the use of traditional fertilizers is still in its infancy. The use of beneficial Fungi in agriculture is becoming more and more popular.

Although this article mainly covers mycorrhizal fungi, the principle of using beneficial soil fungi remains the same.

Custom Biologicals manufactures and distributes a wide variety of microbial products for fungi in agricultureuse in agriculture including Custom GP, Custom B5, Biota Max and our latest – Biota Green, probiotic for golf courses.

Contact Custom Biologicals for information about how to use fungi to reduce the need for fertilizer in agriculture.

 Fungi in Agriculture

Fungi Reduce Need for Fertilizer in Agriculture

May 26, 2011 — The next agricultural revolution may be sparked by fungi, helping to greatly increase food-production for the growing needs of the planet without the need for massive amounts of fertilizers according to research presented May 23 at the 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.

“The United Nations conservatively estimates that by the year 2050 the global human population is expected to reach over 9 billion. Feeding such a population represents an unprecedented challenge since this goes greatly beyond current global food production capacity,” says Ian Sanders of the University of Lusanne, Switzerland, speaking in a session entitled “How Microbes Can Help Feed the World.”

Sanders studies mycorrhizal fungi, a type of fungus that live in symbiosis with plant roots. When plants make symbioses with these fungi they tend to grow larger because the fungi acquire the essential nutrient phosphate for the plant. Phosphate is a key component of the fertilizers that fueled the Green Revolution in middle of the 20th century that made it possible then for agriculture to keep up with the growing global population.

“In most tropical soils plants have enormous difficulty in obtaining phosphate and so farmers have to spend a huge amount of money on phosphate fertilizer. Farmers have to add much more fertilizer than in temperate regions and a very large amount of the cost to produce food is the cost of phosphate,” says Sanders.

Phosphate reserves are being rapidly depleted. Increasing demand for the nutrient is driving up prices and some countries are now stockpiling phosphate to feed their populations in the future, according to Sanders.

While mycorrhizal fungi typically only grow on the roots of plants, recent biotechnological breakthroughs now allow scientists to produce massive quantities of the fungus that can be suspended in high concentrations in a gel for easy transportation.

Sanders and his colleagues are currently testing the effectiveness of this gel on crops in the country of Colombia where they have discovered that with the gel they can produce the same yield of potato crop with less than half the amount of phosphate fertilizers.

“While our applied research is focused on Colombia it could be applied in many other tropical regions of the world,” says Sanders.

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

Biota Green – Probiotic for Golf Greens

Golf Course Problems

Biota Green

Probiotic for Golf Greens

 

Biota Green™ is an all-natural probiotic for golf greens. It has been specifically formulated for golf course greens.  Biota Green™ contains the

Probiotic for Golf Greens

Biota Green is a Probiotic for Golf Greens

beneficial bacteria and beneficial fungi found in healthy golf greens.

Your golf greens lose their natural soil biota to chemicals, heat, cold, drought, and rain. The easiest, most cost effective way to

restore your greens’ natural biotic balance is with Biota Green™.

It’s well known that having a healthy microorganism population will help your greens thrive above and below ground. The result of regular use of Biota Green™ is a healthy microbial layer resulting in a positive and controlled growth response.

Have nature work for you – use Biota Green™ on all of your golf greens.

Biota Green™ is a unique, easy to use effervescent tablet containing enough bacteria and fungi spores (seeds) to treat 1500 square feet of golf green. Unlike any other product you have seen, Biota Green™ is easy to use, has a three year shelf life and requires no special storage.

Biota Green™ is also effective in other high use areas of your golf course like tee boxes. No special equipment is needed to apply Biota Green™. Once dissolved in water, Biota Green™is 100% miscible in water and can be applied through all types of irrigation systems.

One tablet of Biota Green will treat 1/4 acre of golf green or golf tee box.

Biota Green

Features and Benefits of Biota Green

  • Restores Biota Balance – Biota Green™ is a probiotic for golf greens.
  • Contains 10 Species of Beneficial Soil Microorganism.
    • 6 species of bacteria
    • 4 species of fungi
  • Digests Thatch and other Organic Material
  • Processes Nutrients making them more soluble and readily available for the grass.
  • Increases Moisture and reduces stress from drought.
  • Replaces Beneficial Organisms killed by chemicals, heat, drought, fire, flood, erosion, cold and frost
  • No special storage requirements  – 3 years shelf life.
  • Biota Greencan be used with most fertilizers, wetting agents, and organics to reduce application time and costs.

Availability:

Biota Green is available in 12 and 18 packs and a case of 100.

Biota Green™ is manufactured and and distributed by Custom Biologicals. Contact Custom for more information at Bill@Custombio.biz or (561) 797-3008.

 

 

Enhanced by Zemanta