Tag Archives: Fungus

Fungi Reduce Need for Fertilizer in Agriculture

Fungi in Agriculture

This is a great article about using beneficial soil fungi to reduce fertilizer in agriculture.

Although from 2011, the idea to reduce the use of traditional fertilizers is still in its infancy. The use of beneficial Fungi in agriculture is becoming more and more popular.

Although this article mainly covers mycorrhizal fungi, the principle of using beneficial soil fungi remains the same.

Custom Biologicals manufactures and distributes a wide variety of microbial products for fungi in agricultureuse in agriculture including Custom GP, Custom B5, Biota Max and our latest – Biota Green, probiotic for golf courses.

Contact Custom Biologicals for information about how to use fungi to reduce the need for fertilizer in agriculture.

 Fungi in Agriculture

Fungi Reduce Need for Fertilizer in Agriculture

May 26, 2011 — The next agricultural revolution may be sparked by fungi, helping to greatly increase food-production for the growing needs of the planet without the need for massive amounts of fertilizers according to research presented May 23 at the 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.

“The United Nations conservatively estimates that by the year 2050 the global human population is expected to reach over 9 billion. Feeding such a population represents an unprecedented challenge since this goes greatly beyond current global food production capacity,” says Ian Sanders of the University of Lusanne, Switzerland, speaking in a session entitled “How Microbes Can Help Feed the World.”

Sanders studies mycorrhizal fungi, a type of fungus that live in symbiosis with plant roots. When plants make symbioses with these fungi they tend to grow larger because the fungi acquire the essential nutrient phosphate for the plant. Phosphate is a key component of the fertilizers that fueled the Green Revolution in middle of the 20th century that made it possible then for agriculture to keep up with the growing global population.

“In most tropical soils plants have enormous difficulty in obtaining phosphate and so farmers have to spend a huge amount of money on phosphate fertilizer. Farmers have to add much more fertilizer than in temperate regions and a very large amount of the cost to produce food is the cost of phosphate,” says Sanders.

Phosphate reserves are being rapidly depleted. Increasing demand for the nutrient is driving up prices and some countries are now stockpiling phosphate to feed their populations in the future, according to Sanders.

While mycorrhizal fungi typically only grow on the roots of plants, recent biotechnological breakthroughs now allow scientists to produce massive quantities of the fungus that can be suspended in high concentrations in a gel for easy transportation.

Sanders and his colleagues are currently testing the effectiveness of this gel on crops in the country of Colombia where they have discovered that with the gel they can produce the same yield of potato crop with less than half the amount of phosphate fertilizers.

“While our applied research is focused on Colombia it could be applied in many other tropical regions of the world,” says Sanders.

 

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Biota Green – Probiotic for Golf Greens

Golf Course Problems

Biota Green

Probiotic for Golf Greens

 

Biota Green™ is an all-natural probiotic for golf greens. It has been specifically formulated for golf course greens.  Biota Green™ contains the

Probiotic for Golf Greens

Biota Green is a Probiotic for Golf Greens

beneficial bacteria and beneficial fungi found in healthy golf greens.

Your golf greens lose their natural soil biota to chemicals, heat, cold, drought, and rain. The easiest, most cost effective way to

restore your greens’ natural biotic balance is with Biota Green™.

It’s well known that having a healthy microorganism population will help your greens thrive above and below ground. The result of regular use of Biota Green™ is a healthy microbial layer resulting in a positive and controlled growth response.

Have nature work for you – use Biota Green™ on all of your golf greens.

Biota Green™ is a unique, easy to use effervescent tablet containing enough bacteria and fungi spores (seeds) to treat 1500 square feet of golf green. Unlike any other product you have seen, Biota Green™ is easy to use, has a three year shelf life and requires no special storage.

Biota Green™ is also effective in other high use areas of your golf course like tee boxes. No special equipment is needed to apply Biota Green™. Once dissolved in water, Biota Green™is 100% miscible in water and can be applied through all types of irrigation systems.

One tablet of Biota Green will treat 1/4 acre of golf green or golf tee box.

Biota Green

Features and Benefits of Biota Green

  • Restores Biota Balance – Biota Green™ is a probiotic for golf greens.
  • Contains 10 Species of Beneficial Soil Microorganism.
    • 6 species of bacteria
    • 4 species of fungi
  • Digests Thatch and other Organic Material
  • Processes Nutrients making them more soluble and readily available for the grass.
  • Increases Moisture and reduces stress from drought.
  • Replaces Beneficial Organisms killed by chemicals, heat, drought, fire, flood, erosion, cold and frost
  • No special storage requirements  – 3 years shelf life.
  • Biota Greencan be used with most fertilizers, wetting agents, and organics to reduce application time and costs.

Availability:

Biota Green is available in 12 and 18 packs and a case of 100.

Biota Green™ is manufactured and and distributed by Custom Biologicals. Contact Custom for more information at Bill@Custombio.biz or (561) 797-3008.

 

 

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What Does it Mean – Living Soils?

Living Soils

What Does it Mean?

Living soils are simply the portion of the soil that is composed of living microorganisms. To have truly health soil the soil must contain a variety of microorganisms. So, healthy soils means far more  than just the absence of disease. Healthy soil means that soil contains all of the necessary microorganisms to create a balanced micro food web for the plants. While plants vary in their need for different microorganisms, the constant factor is the need for a vibrant mix of soil microbiology to have healthy, living soils.

There are three main types of soil microorganisms that we’ll discuss in this post; bacteria, fungi, protozoa.

 

Beneficial Soil Bacteria 

Bacteria are prokaryotic, single celled microorganisms. Bacteria, Living soilsthrough their ability to produce a wide variety of enzymes, are vital for recycling nutrients in the soil. Bacteria produce so many enzymes that they are sometimes thought of as enzyme factories. There are thousands of species of bacteria and they are among the oldest organisms on earth. Ecologically, many bacteria are classified as decomposers. That is organisms that “feed” on dead organisms and recycling their nutrients. Additionally, bacteria bind several compounds to the soil, including nitrogen,  so that they will not leach out of the soil. 

Beneficial Soil Fungi 

Fungi are a form of microorganism that create several benefits to living soils. Fungi tend to hold soil together and thus improve soil structure. Beneficial soil fungi consume some of the harder to digest materials such as the cellulose found in leaves and tree trunks. Fungi can have a symbiotic, mutually beneficial, relationship with plants. This mycorrhizal relationship allows some beneficial fungi to transfer vital nutrients directly to the plant roots. It is important to note that whole many soil fungi are beneficial, there are also disease causing, pathogenic, fungi as well.

Protozoa

Protozoa include a number of microorganisms many of which consume soil bacteria. As a part of the soil micro food web, protozoa consume bacteria releasing the excess nutrients in a soluble form. It is this soluble form of the nutrients that is utilized by the plant roots. All the organisms we’ve discussed, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, also help build micro air passages that allow air, water, and nutrients to move through the soil to the roots.

So living soils means having a healthy mix of beneficial soil microorganisms. Like most things, balance is the key.

Custom Biologicals is interested in helping you maintain your living soils. Custom GP and Custom B5 contain beneficial soil microorganisms intended to help your plants. Contact Custom for more information.

 

 

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Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Custom GP

The Use of Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Trichoderma are a widely present, naturally occurring, beneficial soil fungi. The use of Trichoderma for plants growth is a natural process that has developed over thousands of years. In fact, Trichoderma are one of the most common microorganisms found in nature. Trichoderma are early colonizers of plant root systems and are well known to directly promote plant growth. They do this by increasing the beneficial microbial activity in the rhizosphere. The rhizosphere is the zone of stimulated microbial activity around the plants roots.

BUY TRICHODERMA HERE

Trichoderma for plants

Custom GP contains Trichoderma for plants.

There are a number of Trichoderma species that are currently used in biofertilizer programs. Biofertilizers are the addition of specific microorganisms, generally bacteria or fungi, to the soil  to increase the activity of the beneficial microorganisms. In the case of Trichoderma, biofertilizers are used to add beneficial soil fungi to increase root mass and plant health for a season long effect. In published university studies, roots colonized by Trichoderma have been shown to increase corn root and shoot growth by 66%.

Growth Stimulation by Trichoderma

Growth stimulation by Trichoderma is very complex and is effected by a wide variety of interactions with several biochemicals. The use of Trichoderma for plants growth is known to:

  • Help processing essential organic and inorganic nutrients for the plant including; phosphorus, nitrogen, copper, calcium, molybdenum, zinc, magnesium, iron. This processing allows the plant roots to absorb the nutrients and allows the nutrients to be mobile within the plant. 
  • Help balance water absorption
  • Breakdown and transfer organic nutrients that are left over after harvest.
  • Causes competition with plant pathogens for water and nutrients
  • Bioremediate toxic organic chemicals such as fungicides, hydrocarbons, and pesticides.
  • Trichoderma are very efficient in the production of the enzyme cellulase. Cellulase is an enzyme  that is known to degrade chitin and hemicellulose.

Custom GP Contains Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Custom GP, by Custom Biologicals, contains 4 species of Trichoderma fungi. These fungi have been specifically selected because of ability to enhance soil productivity.

Custom GP is a Trichoderma soil amendment that contains:

Custom GP is a highly concentrated soil amendment containing Trichoderma species for Plants Growth. For more information, Contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

 

 

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