Tag Archives: Nutrient

Soil Microbes and Nutrient Recycling

Soil Microbes and Nutrient Recycling

Nutrient recycling in soil is generally performed by microorganisms. Both beneficial soil fungi and beneficial soil bacteria are the main players. Soil microbes will exist in extremely large numbers in soils as long as a carbon source exists for energy. Interestingly, in undisturbed soils fungi tend to dominate the soil biomass, while in tilled soils bacteria, actinomycetes, and protozoa dominate the soils. This is due to the fact that the later are hardier species and can tolerate more soil disruptions.

Organic Matter Decomposition by Microorganisms

The decomposition of organic matter serves two distinct functions for microorganisms. This process provides both an energy source and supplies carbon for cell growth and reproduction. Absent  a reliable carbon source, there are less microorganisms and the organisms that are present tend to be in a dormant state. This is the condition found in

Nutrient Recycling

Dawn on the road in the forest in summer

tilled and highly used soils.

In contrast, long term no tilled soils have significantly higher levels of microbes, higher levels of soil decomposition, more active carbon, and more stored carbon. In other words, these soils have a greater degree of nutrient recycling and are healthier as a results.

The overall health of soil will be greatly effected by the amount of organic carbon in the soil. This organic carbon is needed to support an active, healthy microbial population.

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio

The break down of organic compounds by microorganisms is greatly dependent on the carbon to nitrogen ratio  (C:N). Bacteria generally start the decomposition process first. They have high nitrogen content in their cells but are typically less efficient at converting the organic carbon to new cells. Aerobic bacteria only metabolize and assimilate 5-10% of the available carbon leaving behind many waste carbon compounds.

The fungi are much more efficient at converting soil carbon into new cells. They can assimilate 40-55 % of the existing carbon. In particular, fungi are invaluable in consuming both cellulose and lignin.

Protozoa and nematodes consume the nitrogen rich bacteria and help the nutrient recycling process. They release the nitrogen as ammonia. Ammonia and soil nitrates are converted back and forth in the soil.

Microorganism communities change rapidly and continuously in the soil as organic matter is added, consumed, and recycled.

In conclusion, microorganisms are critical to decomposing and nutrient recycling. To have healthy, productive soils both a thriving microorganism population and carbon source are necessary pieces of the puzzle.

Have questions about nutrient recycling? Custom Biologicals can help. We manufacture a number of biological products that help with nutrient recycling in farming and gardening. Contact Custom at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

What Does it Mean – Living Soils?

Living Soils

What Does it Mean?

Living soils are simply the portion of the soil that is composed of living microorganisms. To have truly health soil the soil must contain a variety of microorganisms. So, healthy soils means far more  than just the absence of disease. Healthy soil means that soil contains all of the necessary microorganisms to create a balanced micro food web for the plants. While plants vary in their need for different microorganisms, the constant factor is the need for a vibrant mix of soil microbiology to have healthy, living soils.

There are three main types of soil microorganisms that we’ll discuss in this post; bacteria, fungi, protozoa.

 

Beneficial Soil Bacteria 

Bacteria are prokaryotic, single celled microorganisms. Bacteria, Living soilsthrough their ability to produce a wide variety of enzymes, are vital for recycling nutrients in the soil. Bacteria produce so many enzymes that they are sometimes thought of as enzyme factories. There are thousands of species of bacteria and they are among the oldest organisms on earth. Ecologically, many bacteria are classified as decomposers. That is organisms that “feed” on dead organisms and recycling their nutrients. Additionally, bacteria bind several compounds to the soil, including nitrogen,  so that they will not leach out of the soil. 

Beneficial Soil Fungi 

Fungi are a form of microorganism that create several benefits to living soils. Fungi tend to hold soil together and thus improve soil structure. Beneficial soil fungi consume some of the harder to digest materials such as the cellulose found in leaves and tree trunks. Fungi can have a symbiotic, mutually beneficial, relationship with plants. This mycorrhizal relationship allows some beneficial fungi to transfer vital nutrients directly to the plant roots. It is important to note that whole many soil fungi are beneficial, there are also disease causing, pathogenic, fungi as well.

Protozoa

Protozoa include a number of microorganisms many of which consume soil bacteria. As a part of the soil micro food web, protozoa consume bacteria releasing the excess nutrients in a soluble form. It is this soluble form of the nutrients that is utilized by the plant roots. All the organisms we’ve discussed, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, also help build micro air passages that allow air, water, and nutrients to move through the soil to the roots.

So living soils means having a healthy mix of beneficial soil microorganisms. Like most things, balance is the key.

Custom Biologicals is interested in helping you maintain your living soils. Custom GP and Custom B5 contain beneficial soil microorganisms intended to help your plants. Contact Custom for more information.

 

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Custom GP

The Use of Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Trichoderma are a widely present, naturally occurring, beneficial soil fungi. The use of Trichoderma for plants growth is a natural process that has developed over thousands of years. In fact, Trichoderma are one of the most common microorganisms found in nature. Trichoderma are early colonizers of plant root systems and are well known to directly promote plant growth. They do this by increasing the beneficial microbial activity in the rhizosphere. The rhizosphere is the zone of stimulated microbial activity around the plants roots.

BUY TRICHODERMA HERE

Trichoderma for plants

Custom GP contains Trichoderma for plants.

There are a number of Trichoderma species that are currently used in biofertilizer programs. Biofertilizers are the addition of specific microorganisms, generally bacteria or fungi, to the soil  to increase the activity of the beneficial microorganisms. In the case of Trichoderma, biofertilizers are used to add beneficial soil fungi to increase root mass and plant health for a season long effect. In published university studies, roots colonized by Trichoderma have been shown to increase corn root and shoot growth by 66%.

Growth Stimulation by Trichoderma

Growth stimulation by Trichoderma is very complex and is effected by a wide variety of interactions with several biochemicals. The use of Trichoderma for plants growth is known to:

  • Help processing essential organic and inorganic nutrients for the plant including; phosphorus, nitrogen, copper, calcium, molybdenum, zinc, magnesium, iron. This processing allows the plant roots to absorb the nutrients and allows the nutrients to be mobile within the plant. 
  • Help balance water absorption
  • Breakdown and transfer organic nutrients that are left over after harvest.
  • Causes competition with plant pathogens for water and nutrients
  • Bioremediate toxic organic chemicals such as fungicides, hydrocarbons, and pesticides.
  • Trichoderma are very efficient in the production of the enzyme cellulase. Cellulase is an enzyme  that is known to degrade chitin and hemicellulose.

Custom GP Contains Trichoderma for Plants Growth

Custom GP, by Custom Biologicals, contains 4 species of Trichoderma fungi. These fungi have been specifically selected because of ability to enhance soil productivity.

Custom GP is a Trichoderma soil amendment that contains:

Custom GP is a highly concentrated soil amendment containing Trichoderma species for Plants Growth. For more information, Contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

 

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

Biological Soil Amendments Enhance Productivity

Biological Soil Amendments Enhance Productivity

biological soil amendments

Custom B5 Soil Amendment

Biological soil amendments, like Custom B5 and Custom GP, are scientifically formulated to restore soil productivity and promote plant growth. They are perfect for food crops, turf, trees, and ornamental flowers and shrubs.

Fertile soils contain a large number of beneficial microorganisms. These microbes process fertilizers making essential nutrients and minerals available to plants. They also digest thatch and other organic matter, releasing additional nutrients into the soil.

Pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, and other chemicals can greatly diminish a soil’s natural population of beneficial microbes. This reduces the soil’s ability to support turf, crops, and other vegetation.

Custom B5 and Custom GP biological soil amendments improve soil conditions by restoring the soil’s natural microbial population. Their use will increase nutrient availability, enhance root mass development and promote vigorous plant growth.

Custom GP is a blend of 4 beneficial Trichoderma fungi and Custom B5 is a blend of 5 beneficial bacteria of the species Bacillus. Custom B% can be used independently or combined for maximum benefit. Both Custom B5 and Custom GP are available as liquid concentrates. The use of concentrated products greatly reduces shipping costs and delivery times making the overall cost of use lower.

Features and Benefits

  • Creates a more fertile soil by restoring natural microbial populations
  • Promotes vigorous plant growth which leads to significant increase in crop yield
  • Maximizes the benefits of your current fertilizer program by making nutrients more readily available to the plant
  • Provides Beneficial Microbes
  • Promotes Plant Growth
  • All Natural and Organic Formulas
  • Perfect for use on food crops, turf, trees, flowers and plants
  • Highly concentrated, safe products
  • Increase plant growth and increases root mass
  • Increases crop yield

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of microbial products including biological soil amendments.  Dealer and distributor inquires, both domestic and international, are welcome.

Contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz

 

 

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

Activating Biochar with BiotaMax

Activating Biochar with BiotaMax™

Why Biochar Needs to be Activated?

To get the most benefit from Biochar it needs to be activated or charged with microorganisms and/or nutrients. Biochar has unique qualities that provide an ideal habitat for beneficial soil microorganisms. Specifically, its high porosity, cation exchange capacity, and chemical composition quickly provide a permanent micro-habitat for the

Biochar

Biota Max for Biochar

essential, beneficial soil microorganisms.

There’s a link to the full Activating Biochar brochure at the bottom of the page. 

When raw Bio char is added to the soil without activation, a flow of microorganisms and nutrients will take place from the soil to the Bio char. This process has the immediate effect of robbing the soil of these critical components – at least temporarily. The charging from soil microorganisms may take anywhere from 3 months to one year (or longer) depending on the presence and concentrations of the indigenous microorganisms. During this activation period, soils will be deficient of the beneficial soil microorganisms and crop yields will be reduced.

On the other hand, when Biochars are activated with Biota Max before being added to the soil, the beneficial microorganisms are transmitted immediately from Biochar to the soil. The beneficial bacteria and beneficial fungi in Biota Max immediately start to improve the soil, resulting in bigger, healthier roots and more productive crops.

Advantage of Activating with Biota Max

Activating with BiotaMax™ has a number of advantages:

  • Biota Max™ contains beneficial bacteria and beneficial Trichoderma fungi needed by plants to grow healthier root systems.
  • Bio char activated with BiotaMax™ goes to work IMMEDIATELY improving the condition of the soil.
  • To be most effective, it needs to be activated. Compost is too slow and produces very inconsistent results.
  • Biota Max™ can be applied, safely, easily,  and cost effectively, to Biochar in a matter of minutes – there is no need to wait for compost to mature.
  • Biota Max™ comes in a highly concentrated, easy to handle, effervescent tablet.
  • One Biota Max™ tablet can charge enough to treat 1000 square meters or ¼ acre.
  • Eliminates the use of manure as a compost source. Manure can contain antibiotics, insecticides, fungicides, or worse – pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms.

Order Biota Max™ for your Biochar – TODAY

 

Contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or Bill@CustomBio.biz for more information. Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of biological products including biofertilizers for agriculture, farming and gardening.

Biochar and Biotamax Brochure.pdf