Tag Archives: soil bacteria

Benefits of Biofertilizers

Benefits of Bioferilizers

 

Benefits of Biofertilizers

There are many benefits of biofertilizers. Biofertilizers contain living microorganisms. In this post we’ll talk about three benefits of biofertilizers;

  1. helping make plant nutrients more available to the plants,
  2. the production of plant hormones,
  3. biofertilizers are cost effective when compared to traditional fertilizers
  4. Reduce the need for traditional fertilizers

Biofertilizers Make Nutrients Available to Plants

Biofertilizers contain living microbes, generally bacteria and/or fungi. These microorganisms Benefits of Biofertilizersadd nutrients to the soil by nitrogen fixation and by solubilizing both phosphorus and sulphur. Nitrogen fixation can be achieved by a variety of microorganism including, Azotobacter and Rhizobium. Paenibacillus polymyxa is a bacteria that fixes nitrogen. Nitrogen fixation is a key component of the nitrogen cycle.

Additionally, biofertilizers solubilize both phosphorus and sulphur. Phosphorous solubilization is performed by  Bacillus subtilis, and Bacillus megaterium. Sulphur is solubilized by bacteria of the genus Thiobacillus.

Biofertilizers Produce Plant Hormones

Plant hormones, also called phtyohormones regulate plant growth. An increase in plant hormones generally has a positive effect on root size and root structure. Bigger, stronger roots make for a healthier plant. Both bacteria and fungi produce phtyhormones. Among the bacteria, Bacillus subtilis manufactures a number of plant hormones as does Bacillus licheniformus and Bacilllus megaterium. Several species of Trichoderma produce phytohormones including, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride and Trichoderma polysporum.

Biofertilizers are Cost Effective

Generally speaking, biofertilizers will reduce the amount of traditional fertilizers needed by growers. As the price of fertilizers continues to skyrocket, controlling costs is a major issue for most growers. Since biofertilizers help make traditional fertilizers more effective, growers can reduce the amount of NPK used. One of the major benefits of biofertilizers is the reduced cost and the reduction in the use of other chemicals.

Overall, the use of biofertilizers worldwide continues to grow. As more and more growers realize the benefits of biofertilizers, the market for microorganisms in farming will continue to expand.

Custom Biological manufactures a number of biofertilizers, soil probiotics, and soil amendments for use in agriculture. Contact Custom via email at Bill@Custombio.biz or at (561) 797-3008 for additional information.

 

Crop Rotation has Effect on Soil Bacteria

Crop Rotation has Effect on Soil Bacteria

Crop rotation is a well known way to improve soils. This article discusses the relationship between crop rotation and soil bacteria. In summary, soils that are rotated have a more diverse, heather population of soil bacteria.

The complete article on soil bacteria is below.

 

Crop Rotation has Effect on Soil Bacteria

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease. A new study to be published in Nature’s The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it has on enriching soil with bacteria, fungi and protozoa.

“Changing the crop species massively changes the content of microbes in the soil, which in turn helps the plant to acquire nutrients, regulate growth and protect itself against pests and diseases, boosting yield,” says Prof. Philip Poole from the John Innes Centre.

Soil was collected from a field near Norwich and planted with wheat, oats and peas. After growing wheat, it remained largely unchanged and the microbes in it were mostly bacteria. However, growing oat and pea in the same sample caused a huge shift towards protozoa and nematode worms. Soil grown with peas was highly enriched for fungi.

“The soil around the roots was similar before and after growing wheat, but peas and oats re-set of the diversity of microbes,” says Poole.

All organisms on our planet can be divided between prokaryotes (which include bacteria) and eukaryotes (which include humans, plants and animals as well as fungi). After only four weeks of growth, the soil surrounding wheat contained about three percent eukaryotes. This went up to 12-15 percent for oat and pea. The change of balance is likely to be even more marked in the field where crops are grown for months rather than weeks.

Analysis has previously relied on amplifying DNA samples. This limits scientists to analyzing one taxonomic group at a time such as bacteria. It also means that everything present in that group is analyzed rather than what is playing an active role. Every gram of soil contains over 50,000 species of bacteria so the task is enormous.

There are relatively fewer actively expressed genes, or RNA. It is now possible to sequence RNA across kingdoms so a full snapshot can be taken of the active bacteria, fungi, protozoa and other microbes in the soil. The research was carried out in collaboration with the Univ. of East Anglia and The Genome Analysis Centre on Norwich Research Park.

“By sequencing RNA, we can look at the big picture of active microbes in the soil,” says PhD student Tom Turner from the John Innes Centre.

“This also allows us to work out what they are doing there, including how they might be helping the plants out.”

“Our work helps explain the experience of farmers in the field,” says Poole.

“The best seed needs to be combined with the best agronomic practices to get the full potential benefits.”

“While continued planting of one species in monoculture pulls the soil in one direction, rotating to a different one benefits soil health.”

Seeds can be inoculated with bacteria before planting out, just like humans taking a dose of friendly bacteria. But this does not achieve the diversity or quantity of microbes found in this study.

The scientists also grew an oat variety unable to produce normal levels of avenacin, a compound that protects roots from fungal pathogens. They expected the soil to contain higher levels of fungi as a result, but instead found it contained a greater diversity of other eukaryotes such as protozoa.

The findings of the study could be used to develop plant varieties that encourage beneficial microbes in the soil. John Innes Centre scientists are already investigating the possibility of engineering cereal crops able to associate with the nitrogen-fixing bacteria normally associated with peas.

“Small changes in plant genotype can have complex and unexpected effects on soil microbes surrounding the roots,” says Poole. “Scientists, breeders and farmers can make the most of these effects not only with what they grow but how they grow it.”

The research was made possible with funding from the Earth and Life Systems Alliance at the Univ. of East Anglia and from the core strategic grant to the John Innes Centre from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).

Soil Probiotics of Custom Biologicals

Soil Probiotics of Custom Biologicals

Custom Biologicals manufactures soil probiotics containing beneficial soil bacteria, beneficial soil fungi, and

Soil Probiotics

Custom Biologicals – Biological Products for Agriculture

products that contain both bacteria and fungi.

Soil Probiotics

Soil probiotics help plants grow healthier root systems by improving the condition of the soil. Soil microbes are known to produce number of beneficial compounds that help stimulate root growth and root size. Soil microorganism also improve nutrient uptake of important plant nutrients such as Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus.

Here’s the list of soil probiotics manufactured by Custom Biologicals.

Bacteria Based Probiotics

Custom B5 – contains 5 species of beneficial soil bacteria. Custom B5 is available as both a liquid concentrate and as a fast dissolving tablet.

Custom B5 Liquid Concentrate is ideal for commercial farms. Standard packaging is 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and 50 Acres (20 Hectares).

Custom B5 Fizztabs – This revolutionary product is ideal for smaller farms or backyard gardens. Each dissolvable tablet will cover ¼ acres (1/10 hectare) with beneficial soil bacteria.

Trichoderma Based Probiotics

Custom GP – contains 4 species of beneficial soil fungi of the species Trichoderma. Custom GP is OMRI listed.  Standard packaging is 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and 50 Acres (20 Hectares).

Combined Bacteria and Trichoderma Probiotics

Biota Green – contains both beneficial bacteria and beneficial fungi. Biota Green is intended for use of golf course, particularly golf course greens.

Biota Max – contains 6 species of beneficial bacteria and 4 species of beneficial soil fungi. Biota Max is a revolutionary, fast dissolving tablet. Each tablet covers ¼ acre with soil probiotics.

Custom Biologicals manufactures a wide variety of biofertilizers for use in agriculture and gardening.

Distributor inquires both domestic and international are always welcome. Private labeling and customized formulations are available. CustomBio can be reached at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Bill@Custombio.biz.

Biological Soil Amendments

buy Trichoderma

Biological Soil Amendments for Enhanced Soil Productivity

Biological Soil Amendments

Custom B5 and Custom GP biological soil amendments are scientifically formulated to restore soil productivity an promote plant growth. The are perfect for food crops, turf, trees, and ornamental flowers and shrubs. Custom B5 and Custom GP are equally effective when soil amendmentsused by commercial farms and backyard gardeners.

It is well known that fertile soils contain a large number of beneficial microorganisms. These microbes process fertilizers (N,P,K) making essential nutrients and minerals available to plants. They also digest thatch and other organic matter, releasing additional nutrients into the soil.

Pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, other chemicals, and over farming can greatly diminish a soil’s natural population of beneficial microbes. This reduces the soil’s ability to support turf, crops, and other vegetation.

Custom B5 and Custom GP biological soil amendments improve conditions by restoring a soil’s natural microbial population. Their use will increase nutrient availability, enhance root mass development and promote vigorous plant growth.

Soil Amendments of Custom Biologicals

Custom GP – is a blend of 4 Trichoderma beneficial fungi

Custom B5 – is a blend of 5 beneficial Bacillus bacteria.

Custom GP and Custom B5 can be used independently or combined for maximum benefit. Both biological soil amendments are OMRI listed.

Regular use of Custom B5 and Custom GP will:

  • Create a more fertile soil by restoring natural microbial populations. 
  • Promotes vigorous plant growth leading to a significant increase in crop yield
  • Maximizes the benefits of your current fertilizer program by making nutrients more readily available
  • Provides Beneficial Soil Microbes
  • Improves Soil productivity
  • Promotes Plant Growth
  • All Natural, Safe Formulations
  • OMRI listed
  • Increases root mass – increases plant growth – increases crop yield

Custom GP and Custom B5 are biological soil amendments manufacture and distributed by Custom Biologicals. Custom manufactures a wide variety of biological products for use in the agricultural industry. Distributor/Dealer inquiries are welcome

Contact Custom Biologicals at (561) 797-3008 or via email at Email Bill